What days are women safety index

What day is the index of the safety of women, women’s safety index is not the time of ovulation, which is on the first day of the menstruation began, Fifteenth six days is the ovulation period or is said next time before menstruation fourteenth days is the ovulation period, ovulation is a dangerous period, both before and after ovulation is called safety period. However, this method of calculation is based on normal menstrual cycle of people to calculate. If the menstrual cycle is abnormal, this method of calculation is not very accurate.


Women give birth to children on the side of the cut, the whole process of pictures (prenatal reading)

Why should women energy-saving side cut, cut side is how to carry out the necessary to let more young mothers understand the whole process and delivery side cut, small finishing a woman energy-saving side cut the whole process picture, for your reference. Many people have just heard a woman to give birth to the child, is equal to the completion of a very difficult task, women eutocia child should at the perineum side of the cutting knife, a C-section child cut a knife in the stomach so that both the delivery or caesarean section, all got a knife.

Cesarean section is performed under anaesthetic and is not felt during the incision. But the natural labor cannot give the anaesthetic, then side cutting time is not very terrible? I believe that many mothers are ready to give birth to the same feelings as before, I can’t wait to know.

About the problem of natural side cutting, the women’s health net made up some pictures for mothers to refer to. This is the doctor to do the simulation of natural side cutting whole process pictures, as well as side cut wound care knowledge, I hope all of you can help.

After the birth to the side cut, that is for the baby as soon as possible, so as to avoid fetal heartbeat, the rotation can not be carried out smoothly and other possible circumstances, is to protect the fetus risk means. It prevents the rupture of the perineum and protects the pelvic floor muscles, and the surgical incision is easier to repair and heal.

The process of episiotomy

Anesthetics are injected below the inside of the sciatic spine

Perineal infiltration and pudendal nerve block anesthesia to block pudendal nerve


Open time: see physicians in the fetal head showing the vaginal opening, will determine the baby is not big in the first time, will not cause severe perineal tear, and then decide whether to perform episiotomy; such as the physician to determine the birth process is very smooth, even if do not cut the perineum, tearing wound is small, it can avoid surgery.

How long: it doesn’t take time to cut, but with medical scissors, a quick, instantaneous cut, and the length of the cut is only about 2-5cm. It feels like an instant”. In the throes of severe, and even some pregnant women do not know, has been cut.

Degree of pain: because it is incised at the peak of labor, it is virtually impossible to feel episiotomy. In addition, because of the role of local anesthesia, there is no need to worry about the pain during the incision.

Begin to sew the vagina mucous membrane

Two suture perineum

Doctor operation: according to anatomical layer by layer suture, suture before use 0. 2% metronidazole solution flushing perineal incision, the vagina gauze, with 0 chromic gut from the incision on the top 0. 5~1. The 0cm at the beginning of continuous suture of vaginal mucosa to hymen at the inner ring knot, deep part of the organization should be included under the mucosa, the same gut suture muscle layer, and achieve the purpose of hemostasis closed die cavity. The same gut interrupted suture of subcutaneous adipose tissue, finally with 00 chromicized catgut continuous intradermal suture. When the skin is sewn, it is about 1 from the top of the incision. Enter the needle at 0cm, tie it down, then follow the incision along the left skin edge to the apex 0.

2cm at the needle, and then with the same needle distance along the right side of the needle, and left symmetrical, that is, “U” type suture. Make the skin on both sides of the vertex close to each other, and then along the incision on both sides of the skin, about 0 needle spacing. 5cm continuous intradermal suture to the outer ring of hymen knot. After the suture, routine vaginal examination, remove the gauze roll and residual gauze, with 0. 2% metronidazole solution soaked gauze applied to the wound. In the 520 cases of episiotomy, all incisions healed by Grade A.

Perineal deep tissue

Suture time: when the fetus is born, it can be repaired.

How long: it will take about 20 minutes. Of course, depending on the depth of the wound and the doctor, there will be some differences in time. The local anesthetic potency during lateral resection is still affected, and the pain during suture is not very strong.

What line to use: previously used “insoluble lines” that need to be removed, and now generally use synthetic absorbent sutures, the “dissolved lines””. The synthetic lines, after a period of time, are absorbed and harmless by the body. There will be discomfort in a short period of time and discomfort will disappear after a period of time.


Perineal episiotomy may present the following abnormalities:

1. wound hematoma:

1-2 hours after the suture, severe pain occurred at the knife edge, and it became more and more serious and even felt a bulge in the anus. At this point, the medical staff should be immediately informed and checked in time. It may be that the doctor has not stopped enough to suture. In this case, as long as the suture is opened in time, the hematoma is removed, the suture is stopped and the wound is sutured again, the pain will soon disappear and the vast majority of the wound can heal normally.

2. wound infection:

For 2-3 days after the birth, the wound has red, swelling, heat, pain and other inflammatory manifestations, and may have induration, extrusion when there is purulent secretions. In this case, the appropriate antibiotic should be taken and the suture removed so that the pus flows out. At the same time can be used to help or anti-inflammatory therapy, Potassium Permanganate water solution bath 1:5000. After taking these measures, because the perineum blood transportation is rich, has the stronger healing ability, therefore generally 1-2 weeks later will be better or heals.

3. the wound is open after stitches:

There are individual women in the suture after the occurrence of perineal wound split, at this time, such as has been discharged, should immediately go to the hospital for examination and treatment. If the wound is fresh, cracking time is short, can be second times in properly suture immediately after disinfection, 5 days after the stitches, most can grow well again; if the wound tissue is not fresh, and there is not available secretions, suture, Potassium Permanganate hip bath, and antibiotics to prevent infection, the local formation of scar after healing.

Several tips for cutting a cut on a new mother’s side

Potassium Permanganate: Potassium Permanganate, a cleaning easily in pharmacies, Potassium Permanganate will be diluted into 1:5000 solution, gently water up to the wound, after cleaning with a soft cloth to clean. Do not bath, easy infection did not recover the uterus, also don’t squat to force to wound.

Two, after each cleaning, bake on the table lamp for about ten minutes. Of course, if you have time to bake several times, there is no harm, but be sure to pay attention to leave a certain distance, careful burns.

Three, if there is no table lamp or trouble, you can also use hot towels hot compress, but this effect is far better than the table baked faster. Immediate lateral incision

How do you avoid episiotomy?

Prepare for the 1. trimester

Doctors decided to use side cuts, a large part of the reason for avoiding perineal lacerations. At this point, some of the practices of foreign mother worthy of learning, they are usually at about 32 weeks of pregnancy, start perineal massage and exercise every day, to increase muscle flexibility and elasticity, the specific operation is this:

Put a mirror in front of the perineum and face the perineum. This way you can clearly see the muscle tissue around the perineum.

Choose some massage oil, such as pure canola oil or water soluble lubricant, and rub massage oil around the perineum with your thumb and fingers.

Stick your thumb deep into your vagina and stretch your legs. Press perineal tissue in the direction of the rectum. Gently extend the perineum until you feel a slight burning or tingling sensation.

Keep this stretch until the tingling sensation subsides, and then gently massage the vagina back and forth.

In massage, lift your thumb in the vagina and pull the vaginal tissue forward slowly, so that the baby’s head will come out during childbirth.

Finally, gently massage the muscles between the thumb and index finger for about 1 minutes.

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The advantages and disadvantages of caesarean section and spontaneous delivery are great. PK

Should mother of natural labor do perineal side cut art?

Four good woman period

A woman once every month “period”, is also the holiday we often say, of course, also called menstruation.

Can promote hematopoietic function

Menstrual body caused by frequent blood loss and blood, the female circulatory system and hematopoietic system has been a male not “exercise”, it makes women more able to withstand unexpected blow loss than men, can quickly produce new blood to make up the loss of blood. Practice has proved that men and women who have the same weight and health status lose the same proportion of blood by accident, so men can die, while women have the possibility of successful rescue and final rehabilitation.

The first sign of a woman’s pregnancy

Childbearing age married women, past menstrual rules, the menstrual period more than ten days or more, the future, first of all to consider whether pregnant. To determine the pregnancy after birth, not ready to take remedial measures as soon as possible; to family, will have to pay more attention to nutrition, avoid smoke, wine, pesticides, chemicals, radiation, avoid taking drugs can cause fetal malformation. According to menstruation can also predict the expected date of childbirth, health care during pregnancy and pregnancy are very useful psychological.

It can make people discover disease early

If the girl is over 18 years old still no menstrual cramps, or previous women had normal menstruation, menopause is more than three months (not including for pregnant and lactating, menopause), to check whether there is a lower genital tract atresia, congenital absence of the uterus or hypoplasia of uterus, ovarian tumor, pituitary tumor or dysfunction, endocrine or wasting disease. Besides, the change of time, volume and accompanying symptoms is an important clue to discover and diagnose many diseases.

Excessive iron damage can be avoided

There is a known genetic disease hemochromatosis, easy to cause the patients with iron metabolism disorders, the body will accumulate excess iron; iron overload will slowly lead to skin, heart, liver, pancreatic lesions, joint. One way to cure iron overload is to release a certain amount of blood at regular intervals. Organic damage caused by hemochromatosis is much less common in women than in men, and almost does not occur. The function of menstruation – periodic blood loss – is simply consuming excessive amounts of iron.

What are the causes of young people’s hair white? Smokers tend to have long hair

Hair has a decisive impact on personal image, hair frizz, dry will make people the image greatly reduced. Which is more than hair frizz worries is hair white, let a person look much bigger than the actual age.

Many young people now begin to have grey hair in their more than 20 or early 30. What is the reason for this? In fact, many of our daily habits affect hair health. If you don’t believe it, keep looking……

What are the causes of young people's hair white? Smokers tend to have long hair1

What are the causes of young people’s white hair?

I. smoking

You are a drug addict? Nicotine in cigarette smoke is the cause of the grey-haired murderer! Nicotine is inhaled body, cause vasoconstriction of blood flow variation. In addition, it can also promote baldness, wrinkles, dark circles and so on.

Two, uneven intake of nutrients

Modern people because of busy, often in a hurry to solve a meal, nutrient intake is seriously unbalanced. Melanocytes cannot produce melanin in the absence of nutrients and supply hair. It is recommended to eat more fish with high protein content and foods rich in vitamin E that promotes metabolism. In addition, seaweed also has good effect on activating melanocytes.

Three, deficiency of Qi and blood

Chinese medicine believes that one of the main causes of hair whitening is lack of Qi and blood. Hair is an important manifestation of Qi and blood in the body, hair black, dense, supple and bright, on behalf of adequate blood; and white hair, hair loss, hair drying, etc., are women’s lack of blood performance. Suggest usually eat red dates, longan, angelica and so on to help fill the blood food.

Four, lack of exercise

Lack of exercise leads to poor circulation and prevents the blood from being transported to all corners of the scalp, and the melanocytes do not function properly. You might as well get off at the front stop of the company and take a walk. Take 15 more minutes every day, rest, exercise, bones and muscles. You can easily have a black hair with a little habit!

Five, emotional instability

Mood changes can easily cause nerve dysfunction of the body, so the function of melanin secretion will also be impaired, affecting the synthesis and delivery of pigment particles, it will grow a lot of gray hair. In addition, tension, sadness and other negative emotions often lead to a series of rapid changes in the body, resulting in serious endocrine disorders, resulting in a short period of time white hair.

What are the causes of young people's hair white? Smokers tend to have long hair2

What are the causes of young people’s white hair?

Six, did not do head sunscreen

The head of long-term exposure to UV rays, melanoma cells are vulnerable to damage, not only made qualitative result, hair color will fade. Usually must make hair sunscreen, by wearing a hat or umbrella brace, ready to do protection work, to avoid ultraviolet.

Seven, cumulative pressure

When stressed, the muscles become tense and rigid, and the blood vessels contract to slow the flow of blood. Soak a warm bath before going to bed, relax, or watch an interesting movie, regularly spread unpleasant mood, do not let the pressure on their own pressure out of breath.

Eight, kidney deficiency

Chinese medicine believes that hair is more than blood, and published in the kidney, so that the kidney in the hair, when the kidneys do not pay (insomnia, neurasthenia), or congenital deficiency or excessive anxiety Haoshang blood, injury of kidney essence or feel alarmed when the hair will turn white. Therefore, in order to black hair fluttering, we must pay attention to maintaining the kidneys.

Which women are unsuitable for long-term oral contraceptives?

When you do not want children, you should choose the correct method of contraception, the general methods of contraception are intrauterine device, knot, oral contraceptives and so on. However, not all people are suitable for these methods of contraception, some people are suitable for intrauterine device, while some people put intrauterine device will be unwell. So, which groups are suitable for oral contraceptives?

Major disease patients

Because the hormone drugs should be metabolized in the liver, from the kidney to exclude, medication will increase the liver and kidney function burden, so acute, chronic hepatitis or nephritis patients are not suitable for use.

Patients with hematologic and endocrine diseases

The pill will make the blood coagulation function in hyperthyroidism, and increase the risk of thrombosis, can make blood sugar rise, affect thyroid function, so all kinds of blood disease, thrombotic diseases, endocrine diseases such as diabetes, hyperthyroidism patients should avoid application.

Gynecologic cancer patients

Due to gynecological tumors, breast diseases are mostly hormone dependent diseases, taking contraceptives containing estrogen and progesterone can aggravate the condition, should be disabled.

Scanty menstruation

Birth control pills may reduce menstruation further.

Women over 45 years of age

In this period, the fluctuation of hormone levels is large, so contraception should not be used.

Lactating women

Contraceptives can inhibit the secretion of milk, and can affect the development of the newborn through the secretion of milk, so breast-feeding women can not use.

How long is the pregnancy period postponed

False delay long is pregnant? We are the most commonly used daily to determine whether pregnancy is false, also known as menstruation. General menstruation does not come when come, we can think of immediately and be pregnant with concerned. But although this period did not come with the possibility of pregnancy, but also can not be regarded as false is not pregnant. So how do we decide if we’re pregnant?. How much holiday delayed pregnancy?

Normally, if the period was delayed for ten days did not come, should consider the possibility of pregnancy, if not sure, is the best in the delayed menstruation time about ten days, buy a pregnancy test, to do a pregnancy test in the first morning urine, the basic ninety percent is accurate. If you’re pregnant, you’ll be able to tell at this point.

Will menstruation be pregnant?

Menstrual intercourse can be pregnant? Exactly after menstruation sexual life of husband and wife is not pregnant, but her menstrual period if it will bring harm to women’s health, it is easy to cause bacterial infection during menstrual period sexual life. During the menstrual period, the endometrium falls off to form a wound, and the mouth of the uterus is also slightly stretched. Moreover, due to the discharge of menstruation, the acidic environment in the vagina is diluted, and the vaginal self-cleaning capacity is weakened. At this point, sexual intercourse, the male genital organs will bring bacteria into the uterus, causing inflammation of the pelvic cavity, causing pain to the woman.

Some women will return a few days after the menstrual cycle, in this case more attention should be paid to avoid sexual intercourse pollution. In addition, we should also pay attention to menstruation, even if the use of condoms can not engage in sexual intercourse, because condoms can only prevent sperm into the vagina, but it can not prevent the bacteria into the vagina, so it is harmful